Author(s): Mohd Saif Mohd Akram Momin, Harshal Ashok Pawar
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. This chronic metabolic disorder is a rapid-growing global problem with huge social, health and economic consequences. Current global estimates indicate that this condition affects 415 million people and is set to escalate to 642 million by the year 2040. In India, there are about 69.2 million people with diabetes and are expected to cross 123.5 million by 2040. An ageing population and obesity are two main reasons for the increase. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes arise from different etiologies but lead to similar metabolic derangements constituted by an absolute or relative lack of insulin that results in increased plasma glucose. The natural herbs for DM treatment target on lowering blood sugar, reducing the damaging effects of the disease and maintaining of a safe, healthy level of blood glucose. In this review, we provide an overview about the types, causes of diabetes, diagnosis, newly investigated drugs, their side effects, herbs and other alternative therapies available for the management and treatment of diabetes.